Industry News

Current Situation of Industrial Robot Development in China

China's industrial robot after 20 years of development has been in the industrialization of the road on the pace. In recent years, China's industrial robots and industrial robots with automated production lines and projects, related products with an annual output of nearly 300 million yuan. National "eight six three" high-tech plan has been Shenyang Xin Song Robot Automation Co., Ltd., Harbin Bo real automation equipment limited liability company, FAW Group Painting Technology Development Center, the State Administration of Machinery Beijing Automation Institute of industrial robots and application of technical engineering research Center, Dalian Xianke Robot Technology Co., Ltd., Tianjin Nankai Sun High Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai Mechatronics Engineering Co., Ltd., Shanghai Jiaotong University Haitai Technology Development Co., Ltd., Sichuan Mianyang four-dimensional welding automation equipment Co., Ltd. established as intelligent robot theme 9 industrial base, in addition to Nankai Sun, the remaining eight are China's R & D and robot applications in the large. In addition, there are Dalian combination machine tools, Shanghai Fu An factory automation company, the National Machinery Bureau of Machinery Research Institute and the Beijing Institute of Electrical and Mechanical, Dongfeng Motor Company, Jinan Second Machine Tool Plant, Jinan Casting and Forging Institute, Kunming Ship Company, Harbin Welding Research Beijing Jingyi Company, Harbin Fenghua Machinery Factory, Aerospace Surveying and Controlling Company, Shougang Mo Tuo Man Company and Yaskawa Branch Co., Ltd. are active in the market of industrial robots in China for the development and production of characteristic robots or application projects.


2. The main R & D production units and nearly three years development and application projects

FAW Group has developed two spot welding robots and one stamping production line (including 12 loading and unloading robots) for self-use in cooperation with Shenyang Automation Co., Ltd. in the past three years. Two steam developed a spot welding robot and 14 gantry robot for its own use. Forging for the development of more than 10 sets of casting and forging robots for the major automobile factory casting plant; Beijing Institute of Electrical and Mechanical development and production of a dozen sets of forging, hot forging robots for the major car parts forging plant and car factory; Dalian Combined machine tool production and sales of more than a dozen arc welding robot and handling robot. Some joint venture companies such as Yasukawa North Branch Automation company with Yaskawa robot to do the application project has more than 100 units, Shougang Mo Tuo Man Company has also sold more than 200 robots.


Application current situation

1. Overview At present, there are about 700 industrial robot users, with about 3,500 industrial robots, of which about 1/5 of domestic robots, the rest are imported from more than 40 foreign manufacturers of various types of industrial robots. China's industrial robot market by the international and domestic markets, the impact of economic ups and downs. International 1997 is the record sales peak of industrial robots, China only imports from Japan 436 (fixed procedures and manipulators, except here, according to ISO defined industrial robots), was also the "Ninth Five-Year Plan" the second Year, the unit funds in place, the purchase of robots; and in 1998 the international robot market began to weaken, China's major enterprises technological transformation funds have been a lot of consumption, only imports from Japan 178 robots, suddenly fell 258 units, and domestic robots The market is also poor; in 1999 the international robot market began to pick up, our country is also close to the "Ninth Five-Year" at the end, ready to meet the dawn of the new century, the major enterprises to increase the demand for robots, imports increased, the domestic R & D, production units are busy The In general, nearly three years of China's industrial robots increased by 400-600 units / year.

2. Application of geographical and application industry distribution The following is our research of more than 100 users (user study form letter 34, 88 research visits) and from various channels to understand and industry accumulation of 724 users of the statistical results The (1) The application of geographical distribution is shown in Table 2. Table 2 shows that these users are concentrated in East China, North China, Northeast China and other regions, of which 261 are East China, accounting for 36%, and 159 in North China, accounting for 22% Northeast of the three provinces of 91, accounting for 13%; in southern China to 107, accounting for 15%. Western regions of Sichuan, Chongqing and Shaanxi are also more active. The remote zone has been launched except Tibet. China's Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Taiwan Province have applied, especially in Taiwan Province, the application of the total number of industrial robots has more than 5,000 units. (2) application industry distribution 724 user industry distribution in Table 3. Can be seen from Table 3, large machinery industry (machinery manufacturing and automotive industry) a total of 467, accounting for 65% of users, electronic appliances and post and telecommunications a total of 92, accounting for 13% of users. At present, China's industrial robots are mainly used in the automotive, machinery manufacturing and electrical and electronic three major industries. Automotive, machinery manufacturing since the 70-80 is the main application industry, and the electrical and electronic industry, most industrial robot users are expanded after the 90's. 3. Typical application industry (1) The automotive industry 324 users are as follows: Among them, the vehicle factory 133, body, car factory 8, spare parts factory 153, including engine, chassis, instrument, wheel, axle, door Nearly 30 kinds of spare parts manufacturers, 30 motorcycles. (2) the electrical and electronic industry, electrical and electronic industry in the late 90s began to use more industrial robots, especially the assembly of robots, in the domestic production began early introduction of hundreds of units in recent years, some domestic units began production and use of foreign products engineering. In our statistics of 93 users, including TV manufacturers l4, other home appliances (refrigerators, air conditioners, washing machines, fans, kitchen utensils, etc.) l5, telecommunications l5, electronic control switch l5, audio and video equipment 6, Other l9 home. Of which 54 shared 566 robots + 25 production lines + l5 AGV, in addition to plug-in machines, placement machines more than 300 Taiwan.

3. Construction machinery industry

China's construction machinery has more than 220 production enterprises, its products include mining, lifting, scraping, piling, compaction, pavement, municipal sanitation, gardens, building decoration and other machinery. Of the 46 companies surveyed, 29 have used 78 robots of various types of robots, 2 AGVs and l production lines with robots. Construction machinery industry is mainly used in the robot arc welding and spraying, accounting for more than 95%. 

4. Apply model distribution

We have statistics on 542 users and some of the users of the automotive, electronic, and engineering industries. The results are shown in Table 4. From the table 4 can be seen, the country is currently used most of the arc welding, spot welding, assembly, spraying robots; followed by handling, loading and unloading (stamping, die casting, casting and forging, injection and other use mostly up and down the robot) And then packaging, palletizing, palletizing robots, AGV vehicles and sealed plastic robots. In the industry, the automotive industry to welding, spraying, glue as much, stamping, handling, assembly followed; electronic appliances concentrated in the assembly, and Huatong a home with more than 300 units, followed by handling and spraying; In the arc welding, spray the next. In addition packaging, palletizing, palletizing robots are currently mainly used in petrochemical, textile and tobacco industries.